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Saturday, March 2, 2024

How you can Knead Dough (Video)


At present I’m instructing you the fundamentals you’ll want to learn about learn how to knead dough. Be taught why kneading is a vital and essential step in most yeasted bread recipes, learn how to do it correctly, and learn how to know when your dough has been kneaded lengthy sufficient and is able to rise. On this put up & video, I exhibit 2 strategies I exploit, which you should use with any yeast dough that requires kneading, whether or not you’re baking sandwich bread, cinnamon rolls, or do-it-yourself pizza.

slices of multigrain bread

Regardless of the scrumptious style and alluring aroma of fresh-baked bread, many aspiring bakers hesitate to start the journey of do-it-yourself bread baking. I, too, prevented it for a few years. There was simply no approach I might potential deal with a dough with yeast. How scary!

However the fact is that making yeasted bread is a surprisingly easy course of, so long as you’ve gotten dependable, approachable recipes and a fundamental understanding of how yeast works. (Plus, just a little persistence!) The toughest half is, really, discovering the braveness to simply BEGIN.

By the way in which, when you’re new to working with yeast, reference my Baking with Yeast Information for easy solutions to widespread yeast FAQs. It’s a massively useful start line, and can assist provide the base information wanted to efficiently embark in your bread-baking journey. 😉


At present’s put up is an extension of my Baking with Yeast Information. Right here I’m instructing you learn how to knead dough. Kneading dough is an important step in bread baking, whether or not you’re making gentle multigrain bread (pictured above), breadsticks, entire wheat bread, gooey raspberry candy rolls, or flaky dinner rolls (pictured under).

close up of dinner rolls in a basket

Why Do We Must Knead?

Kneading serves a few functions.

First, we’re incorporating air into the dough. And second, we have to stretch out the gluten strands to construct construction and energy into the bread. Merely mixing the dough collectively leaves us with a random, disorganized array of gluten proteins. We nonetheless must “develop” the gluten, i.e., encourage the proteins within the flour and moisture within the dough to hyperlink collectively and type a powerful gluten community. This construction permits for trapping of gases so the bread will stand up good and excessive. And gluten is what makes bread deliciously chewy.

Should you don’t knead your dough, your baked bread received’t rise as excessive, and the general texture and look might be dense. Correctly kneaded dough guarantees a softer, fluffier, taller, and chewier bread.

OK, that’s your science class accomplished for in the present day!

How does no-knead bread work?

I’ve made yeasted breads earlier than that don’t require kneading, and have a couple of printed together with this no-knead honey oat bread, cranberry nut no-knead bread, 4-ingredient artisan bread, and this jalapeño cheddar bread. So what’s the distinction? These bread recipes use a really moist dough and a slow-rise technique, which permits for fermentation to happen because the extremely hydrated dough rests within the fridge for a minimum of 12 hours, and even longer.


Comparability Photographs

Check out the next image. On the left is a dense, squat, and crumbly loaf of sandwich bread. I didn’t knead the dough that produced this baked loaf. On the fitting, I kneaded it because the recipe instructs. It’s the identical actual dough, solely the left was not kneaded.

two loafs of bread shown for comparison of bread made from dough that was not kneaded and dough that was kneaded.

And, under, right here is that very same “not kneaded” loaf. As a result of I didn’t knead the dough, it didn’t have the energy to lure the yeast’s gases.

loaf of bread cut open to show dense crumb inside.

And now, the identical sandwich bread recipe, however I took the time to correctly knead the dough just like the recipe instructs. You’ll be able to see a MAJOR distinction.

loaf of bread cut to show perfectly fluffy and airy crumb inside.

How you can Knead Dough by Hand

If in case you have a stand mixer with a dough hook attachment, you may let the mixer run on low velocity and the dough hook can do the kneading, which makes the job hands-off; however I a lot choose to knead dough by hand, for a number of causes:

  1. Some doughs might be actually heavy, and may be an excessive amount of in your mixer to deal with.
  2. Letting a stand mixer do the work can probably result in over-kneading the dough. It’s rather a lot more durable to over-knead dough along with your fingers, since you get really feel for the dough, and can discover as the feel modifications. And likewise… you’d probably get very drained earlier than you attain that time!
  3. And naturally, kneading by hand is a good stress reliever—give it a attempt!

Should you resolve to knead the dough by hand, right here’s learn how to do it: Utilizing the heels of your fingers, gently push the dough away from you in a rocking movement, alternating fingers as you go. You wish to put some vitality into it, to essentially stretch out the dough.

Video Tutorial

As you may see within the video, after you’ve blended collectively your whole dough substances, it’s kneading time. Right here’s the whole lot you’ll want to knead:

  1. Clear laborious floor, equivalent to a countertop or a big chopping board.
  2. Small dish of all-purpose or bread flour, aka “bench flour.”
  3. A bench scraper is a great tool to have readily available; if the dough is sticking to your work floor, simply scrape it off with a bench scraper after which add just a little extra flour to the floor.

Success Ideas

  • Don’t add any extra flour than you actually need—use simply sufficient to stop it from sticking an excessive amount of to your fingers and work floor. The dough ought to nonetheless really feel just a little cheesy.
  • If the dough begins sticking to your fingers, add just a little extra flour to your fingers, relatively than to the dough, so that you don’t throw off that cautious ratio of substances in your bread recipe.
  • As you knead, you’ll begin to really feel the feel of the dough change; it would start to easy out and really feel softer and extra elastic.
hands stretching and kneading dough on marble counter.hands stretching and kneading dough on marble counter.

How you can Knead Additional-Sticky Dough

If in case you have an particularly gentle or sticky dough, there’s one other kneading method you should use. I exploit this technique primarily with extra-soft wealthy doughs, equivalent to my in a single day cinnamon rolls. Wealthy doughs have extra fats in them (for instance, milk, butter, and egg), versus lean doughs like pizza dough and do-it-yourself bagels.

With the heel of your hand, push the dough out, then fold it again. Give the folded dough 1 / 4 flip, and repeat. Push it out, fold it again, and switch. This technique is a bit more light, and I discover it really works higher when you’ve gotten a very moist, sticky dough. You’ll be able to watch me do that within the video above.


How you can Know When Dough Has Been Kneaded Sufficient

How do we all know when the dough has been kneaded sufficient and is able to rise? I’ve two methods you may take a look at your dough for doneness:

The primary solution to examine is to easily poke the dough along with your finger. If the dough bounces again with out sticking to your finger, it’s been kneaded sufficient. If it doesn’t, you’ll want to maintain kneading.

finger poking dough ball and dough ball shown again after bouncing back.finger poking dough ball and dough ball shown again after bouncing back.

Windowpane Check for Dough

The second solution to examine in case your dough has been kneaded lengthy sufficient is one thing known as the windowpane take a look at. Tear off a small piece of the dough, and stretch it out till you may see some gentle coming by means of it. (Simply maintain it as much as a light-weight or a window.) If the dough tears earlier than that time, then you’ll want to maintain kneading for a bit longer.

Kneading size varies significantly in yeast bread recipes. Some doughs take simply 3–5 minutes, whereas others can take as much as 10–quarter-hour. For these longer knead instances, in case your arms are getting drained, be at liberty to pop the dough again into your stand mixer and use the dough hook for a couple of minutes to offer your fingers a break.

blue stand mixer kneading dough in bowl.blue stand mixer kneading dough in bowl.

What Does Below-Kneaded Dough Look Like?

Dough that has not been kneaded, or hasn’t been kneaded lengthy sufficient, seems lumpy, doesn’t stretch very effectively, and tears simply. In case your dough is like this, it wants extra kneading. Hold kneading it till it’s easy, stretchy, and extra pliable.

crumbly and torn dough on marble counter.crumbly and torn dough on marble counter.

Clearly, kneading dough does take a while, however the effort is effectively value it, particularly since you are already taking the time to make bread from scratch. I feel you’ll discover it’s truly one of the crucial fulfilling steps in bread-making (effectively, aside from the smelling and tasting elements on the finish). Silky easy, stretchy and cushiony… kneading dough is the unique stress reliever toy!


I hope this tutorial has been useful. Use your new kneading information to make my entire wheat bread when you haven’t already!

Whole Wheat BreadWhole Wheat Bread

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