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Thursday, February 22, 2024

Three expertise tendencies shaping 2024’s elections


However researchers I’ve spoken with over the previous few months say the 2024 US presidential election would be the first with widespread use of micro-influencers who don’t usually submit about politics and have constructed small, particular, extremely engaged audiences, typically composed primarily of 1 explicit demographic. In Wisconsin, for instance, such a micro-influencer marketing campaign might have contributed to report voter turnout for the state supreme courtroom election final yr. This technique permits campaigns to plug into a particular group of individuals through a messenger they already belief. Along with posting for money, influencers additionally assist campaigns perceive their viewers and platforms. 

This new messaging technique appears to function in a little bit of a authorized grey space. At present, there aren’t clear guidelines on how influencers must disclose paid posts and oblique promotional materials (like, say, if an influencer posts about going to a marketing campaign occasion however the submit itself isn’t sponsored). The Federal Election Fee has drafted steering, which a number of teams have urged it to undertake

Whereas many of the sources I’ve spoken with have talked in regards to the development of this pattern within the US, it’s additionally taking place in different nations. Wired wrote an important story again in November in regards to the impression of influencers on India’s election. 

Digital censorship

Crackdowns on speech by political actors are after all not new, however this exercise is on the rise, and its elevated precision and frequency is a results of technology-enabled surveillance, on-line concentrating on, and state management of on-line domains. The newest web freedom report from Freedom Home confirmed that generative AI is now aiding censorship, and authoritarian governments are rising their management of web infrastructure. Blackouts too are on the rise. 

In only one instance, latest reporting by the Monetary Instances exhibits that the present Turkish authorities is tightening web censorship forward of elections in March by directing web service suppliers to restrict entry to personal networks.

Extra broadly, digital censorship goes to be a vital human rights challenge and a core weapon within the wars of the longer term. Take, for instance, Iran’s excessive censorship throughout protests in 2022, or the ongoing partial web blackout in Ethiopia. 

I’d urge you to maintain an in depth eye on these three technological forces all through the brand new yr, and I’ll be doing the identical—albeit from afar! 

On a private notice, that is my final Technocrat at MIT Expertise Evaluate, as I’ll be leaving to pursue alternatives exterior of journalism. I’ve beloved having a house in your inboxes over the previous yr and am humbled by the belief you’ve given me to cowl tales of immense significance, like how police are surveilling Black Lives Matter protesters, the methods expertise is altering magnificence requirements for younger women, and why authorities expertise is so exhausting to get proper. 

Tales about how expertise is altering our nations and our communities have by no means been extra vital, so please hold studying my colleagues at MIT Expertise Evaluate, who will proceed to cowl these subjects with experience, steadiness, and rigor. I’d additionally encourage you to enroll in our different newsletters: The Algorithm on AI, The Spark on local weather, The Checkup on biotech, and China Report on all issues tech and China. 

What I’m studying this week

  • OpenAI has eliminated its ban on navy use of its AI instruments, based on this nice report by Hayden Subject in CNBC. The transfer comes as the corporate begins work with the Division of Protection on AI. 
  • Most of the world’s largest and brightest are in Davos this week on the World Financial Discussion board, and Cat Zakrzewski says the discuss of the city is AI security. I actually loved her insider look in The Washington Publish on the tech coverage issues which might be prime of thoughts. 
  • Researchers from Indiana College Bloomington have discovered that OpenAI and different massive language fashions energy some malicious web sites and companies, akin to instruments that generate malware and phishing emails. I discovered this write-up from Prithvi Iyer in Tech Coverage Press actually insightful!

What I discovered this week

Google’s DeepMind has created an AI system that is superb at geometry, a traditionally exhausting area for synthetic intelligence. My colleague June Kim wrote that the brand new system, known as AlphaGeometry, “combines a language mannequin with a kind of AI known as a symbolic engine, which makes use of symbols and logical guidelines to make deductions.” She says the system is “a big step towards machines with extra human-like reasoning expertise.”

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